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Etnobotánica de Piloña (Asturias). Cultura y saber popular sobre las plantas en un concejo del centro-oriente asturiano

Thèse (en espagnol) de Elia San Miguel López, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Facultad de Ciencias. Departamento de Biología, 28/06/2004, Helios Sainz Ollero (Dir.), 445 p.

The role of plants in the traditional culture of Piloña, a Central-Oriental town council in Asturias (North of Spain), is described and analysed. Until the 1950’s, local economy has been basically self-sustained, while in the last  decades it has developed towards cattle production. The field work was conducted during June 2000 through to September 2002; for this period of time the author resided in the study area.  The information was compiled through 83 semistructured interviews, and continuous participant observation.
The results are presented in an ethnographic text where all the plants important to the traditional culture are cited in their context. Special attention is paid to registering local vocabulary concerning each activity. The role of plants in traditional agriculture, cattle raising, food, house implements, crafts, medicine, games, songs and tales, beliefs and ceremonies of Piloña is described. Information about 503 plant taxa was obtained, 143 of which are exclusively ornamentals. A total of 906 vernacular names was compiled, referring to 412 taxa; their meaning is discussed.
Systematic sampling of home gardens from 45 families throughout the council was carried out. Presence and abundance of plant species was recorded. Finally, a survey on the prevailing of traditional ethnobotanical knowledge in Piloña was applied to 132 people from different villages, sex and ages. The results show a fast decline of ethnobotanical knowledge in
Piloña, mostly among people younger than 60.

Accessible intégralement en version PDF sur le site de la Biblioteca Digital del Réal Jardin Botanico.

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